Wednesday, March 13, 2013

Speech Exercise: Healthcare Reform

Barack Obama Speech Balanced Approach to Deficit Reduction

OBAMACARE Doing Less for Fewer and Costing More

- Universal health care.
- Only country still without it.
The pros are emphasized by using logos and pathos. Logic is used when showing statistics that the deficit will not greatly increase with the reform and coupled with the appeal to emotions to providing health care to all and help those who suffer and have so long gone without health insurance, see a brighter tomorrow.

- Increases spending deficit.
- Creates a more socialized government.
The cons are emphasized through fear tactics. Pathos is also used to scare the public into thinking we are stepping closer to a world of communism.


Trixcee Comia
Professor Steven Wexler
English 306
13 March 2013
Editorial: Health Care Reform
            The Affordable Care Act is one of President Obama’s tactics to reforming health care in America.  The newly made law involves providing more affordable health care to the public and lifting previous restrictions in the fine print of the insurance policies.  It also allows for the expansion of preventative medicine as well as covering prior medical conditions that once deemed one ineligible to receive coverage.  One of the newest additions to the act is breast cancer genetic testing.  The Affordable Care act allows women to be covered by their insurance for the screening of the breast cancer genes BRCA1 and BRCA2.  Women who posses this gene are at higher risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer.  Exams such as this were not previously covered in the former health policies.
            Those against the new reform believe it to be a step towards socialization.  Mandating the public to have health insurance violates one’s freedom to elect not to have health coverage.  It can be argued that the reform allows for excessive government intervention.  It allows for government expansion into the personal lives of the people.  The genetic cancer screenings and other preventative health care services are very expensive and only further add to the nation’s spending deficient. 
            Prior to the health care reform, the United States was one of the few countries left without universal health care for its people.  Assuring one’s health is essential for one’s quality of life.  Before the affordable care act, the breast cancer genetic testing was not available to all. Now women have access to it and significantly lower their chances of developing breast and ovarian cancer.  This is a step in the right direction for public wellbeing.  Universal health care functions just as the laws enforcing seatbelt usage in motor vehicles.  It is mandatory for you to wear your seatbelt in a car for your own safety.  Millions of dollars more are wasted upon diseases that could have easily been prevented such as lung cancer developed by smokers.  Under the health care reform, preventative services, such as cessation programs will be provided through health insurance. This essentially saves more money spending on preventative care as opposed to treating the disease developed from lack of preventative care.
            In regards to the Affordable Care Act, the benefits greatly supersede its costs.  It is an investment in human kind.  According to the American Cancer Society, there are “about 232,340 new cases of invasive breast cancer in women.”  With the health care reform, women now stand a fighting chance to drastically lower the number of new cases of breast cancer victims. Equal health coverage is something that has been lacking in America. With this reform, we secure our necessity for optimal living conditions. Very rarely does government intervention benefit society as a whole, but the appropriate steps are being taken which does not interfere significantly in private business but at the same time also greatly aids its citizens.

Press Release


Why Women Under 40 Should Pay More Attention to Their Breasts

Seattle, Washington – February 26, 2013A staggering discovery in the rising diagnosis of advanced breast cancer in women under the age of 40 was published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association. This news awakens younger women to the idea that it is no longer a disease that solely affects one much later in life.

From 1976 to 2009, there has been a consistently observed 2% increase in diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer in women under 40.

For many years, physicians have advised self-breast exams until the age of 40 as a sufficient substitute for the more expensive, more evasive mammogram. With this unearthing however, it may be time to reconsider the target age population.

This discovery is crucial to the study of breast cancer. Dr. Johnson’s finding poses a serious problem for younger women. What is most concerning about a diagnosis discovered sooner than the age of 40, are more likely to have developed the more aggressive form of the disease and deal with lower survival rates.

“In previous research, she found that a woman younger than 40 had a 1 in 173 chance of developing breast cancer. For this study, she wanted to look specifically at advanced breast cancer within that same population” (Hagan 2013).

Along with the increase of younger women developing metastatic cancer, Dr. Johnson and her team were also able to calculate the average mean of new cases of young women developing the disease: 34.3 years in women aged between 25 to 39.

“There is no solid explanation for what's driving the increased incidence, but Johnson and her team suggest there's likely more than one cause” (Hagan 2013). Possible risk factors that enhance the likelihood of developing breast cancer are: age, race, family genealogy, predisposed conditions, breast tissue density, menstrual periods, and lifestyle choices.

There is hope yet, however. Now that the issue has been raised, more prevention strategies can be developed such as earlier screenings and mammograms. With this, an earlier detection can mean the difference between life and death.

Dr. Rebecca Johnson is the lead author of the study and is also the medical director of the Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology program at Seattle Children's Hospital.


Usagi Tsukino
Tokyo Central Post Office
5-3, Yaesu 1-Chome
Chuo-ku, Tokyo 100-8994
Chief Editor of Crystal Tokyo Inc.

Caitlin Hagan. CNN Health. (2013). Metastatic breast cancer rising in patients younger than 40 [Press release]. Retrieved from

Author Profile

My name is Trixceeanne Cuevas. I am a 21-year-old, first generation, Filipino-American. I attend California State University, Northridge where I major in public health promotion and pre-nursing. I am currently employed at the Victoria’s Secret franchise at the Westfield Topanga mall as a bra specialist and I absolutely love my job. It’s an entirely different work environment from the restaurant I waitressed and cashiered at for 3 years. Up until recently, I had also been volunteering at Roze Room Hospice as well as One Generation, a child daycare and a senior citizen enrichment center.
Although I have never met my father or his family, I grew up in a very large family on my mother’s side. I am the eldest of twenty-four grandchildren. This greatly contributes to who I am as a person because it entrusted me with the greatest responsibility in the family. I watch over my younger siblings and cousins as if they were my own children. I am not typically seen as one of this kids, but as the youngest adult. Along with this, I am also the only child my mother and biological father had together, so I do not have any biological siblings. However, I do have a half brother whom I love with all my heart and see as my full brother, and two other step-siblings. How this shapes me as a person is driving my greatest desire in life to fall in love, get married once and once only. This is so that my kids can grow up with and knowing their father, and also have at least five children so that they can grow up in a big family just as I did. I am without a doubt a hopeless romantic and constantly wish and hope for that happily every after: the prince charming, the big castle, and a happy family.
My career is important to me as well, but not nearly as significant as having my dream family someday. My immediate goals for the future are graduating from CSUN with honors and obtaining my bachelor’s of science degree in public health promotion. My future and ultimate career goal is to someday change the world. That is why after I graduate, I hope to join the Peace Corps and do some good for mankind. I also hope to obtain my registered nursing license because I am fascinated with science, the medical field, and helping people. I am a natural caretaker and I believe nursing, along with public health promotion, to be the way to fulfilling all of my desires.